The foundation of the city dates back to 1727. The city was founded by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, a Kachwaha Rajput, who ruled Jaipur between the years 1699 and 1743. Earlier, the capital was located at Amber some 11 kilometers away; however, an increasing population and scarcity of water led to the king transferring the capital to Jaipur. It is believed that Jaipur is the first planned city of the country. The king took the help of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya to build Jaipur. Bhattacharya was a Brahmin scholar from Bengal well-versed in the disciplines of science and mathematics. The origin of the name Pink City goes back to 1878 when the Prince of Wales paid a visit to the city. To welcome the prince, the city was painted in pink color and hence came to be called the Pink City.
Jaipur is a major tourist destination with many places of historical and religious importance.